The African American Community is in crucial need of work on the highest level. The work for Moral Reform, Spiritual Upliftment, Economic Development, Environmental Improvement, Educational Excellence, and all around Human Achievement. However, the humble the efforts by many to construct a working system that would resurrect the life of our people has proven to be inconclusive in rendering an effective solution for the complex problems that attack the very fiber of human evolution and procreation. It is now necessary to make bold, new, and daring advances in the arena of Human Struggle to over come the negative forces, influences, and stigma of a vicious degenerative cycle of self-destruction and moral decay. Our streets, parks, schools, businesses, and homes are not secure from the assault of crime and violence. If we as human beings are to survive we must understand that, there is only one solution and the one problem, Unity. Our community has been and is divided into many diverse factions each having it's own ideology, philosophy, methodology, and agenda for confronting the various symptoms of the problem. Yet they all agree that there is a greater need for unity.
Nation of Islam
Elijah Muhammad: The True History of Jesus
On July the Fourth the day of America's Independence celebration, He announced the beginning of His mission which was to restore and to resurrect His lost and found people, who were identified as the original members of the Tribe of Shabazz from the Lost Nation of Asia. The lost people of the original nation of African descent, were captured, exploited, and dehumanized to serve as servitude slaves of America for over three centuries. His mission was to teach the downtrodden and defenseless Black people a thorough Knowledge of God and of themselves, and to put them on the road to Self-Independence with a superior culture and higher civilization than they had previously experienced.
Thurgood Marshall was America's leading radical. He led a civil rights revolution in the 20th century that forever changed the landscape of American society. But he is the least well known of the three leading black figures of this century. Martin Luther King Jr., with his preachings of love and non-violent resistance, and Malcolm X, the fiery street preacher who advocated a bloody overthrow of the system, are both more closely associate in the popular mind and myth with the civil rights struggle.
Adam Clayton Powell Jr became prominent in political activism, fighting for employment opportunities and fair housing. He became the Chairman of the Coordinating Committee for Employment, mounting pressure on local businesses to hire Blacks on all levels of employment. He led very noteworthy protests. He led a “Shop Only Where You Can Work” boycott of all of store along 125th, shutting most of them down, thereby forcing them to hire Black workers. During the World’s Fair of 1939, his protesters picketed in front of the Fair’s headquarters at the Empire State Building which resulted in Black hiring to increase by 250%. Two years later he led the bus boycott of the New York Transit authority leading to 200 additional jobs for Black constituents. His activism on the part of the community led him to run for the New York City Council and he was elected in 1941, the first Black to serve on the Council. (Read more...)
Ben Ammi grew up in Chicago. A co-worker introduced him to the idea that African Americans are descendants of the Biblical Israelites. In his early twenties Carter was given the name Ben Ammi Ben-Israel by Rabbi Reuben of the Congregation of Ethopian Hebrews. In 1963 Ben Ammi founded the A-Beta Hebrew Israel Cultural Center in Chicago in an attempt to organize the varied Black Hebrew Israelite groups in the city.
In 1966, Ben Ammi claims to have received a vision from the angel Gabriel. In the vision, he claimed he was instructed to: "Lead the children of Israel among African Americans to the promised land, and establish the long-awaited Kingdom of God." His followers consider him to be the messiah.
In 1967, Ben Ammi led 350 of his followers to Liberia.After two and a half years, many had lost faith and returned home. At this point he decided to send five families to Israel. Ben Ammi and more of his followers arrived in the ensuing months, settling in Dimona. The group received some resistance from Israeli authorities, who questioned their right to settle in Israel under the Law of Return. In the 1990s the group was granted temporary resident status and, in 2003, permanent residency.
Nation of Islam
The Nation of Islam under the leadership of the Honorable Minister Louis Farrakhan is the catalyst for the growth and development of Islam in America. Founded in 1930 by Master Fard Muhammad and led to prominence from 1934 to 1975 by the Honorable Elijah Muhammad, the Nation of Islam continues to positively impact the quality of life in America.
After his father's death, Warith Deen Muhammad was accepted by followers of the Nation of Islam as their leader. He brought about many reforms, which brought the followers of the Nation of Islam closer to mainstream Islam. He renamed his organization a number of times. He is now the leader of a new project called The Mosque Cares, and most of his followers make up a portion of the worldwide Muslim community and have accepted Islam proper.
He's still the most recognizable man on earth. And over forty years after he burst onto the scene as a gold-medal winner at the 1960 Rome Olympics, Muhammad Ali remains a magical figure, known and loved throughout the world.
His success as a boxer is widely respected, but Ali's greatest triumph lies in his legacy as a champion, leader, humanitarian, and artist. His work both inside and outside the ring truly makes Muhammad Ali "The Greatest of All Time."
President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization formed to provide new leadership for the now burgeoning civil rights movement. The ideals for this organization he took from Christianity; its operational techniques from Gandhi. In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action; and meanwhile he wrote five books as well as numerous articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world, providing what he called a coalition of conscience. (Read more...)
It is not in the memory of man that this beleaguered, unfortunate, but nonetheless proud community has found a braver, more gallant young champion than this Afro-American who lies before us - unconquered still. I say the word again, as he would want me to : Afro-American - Afro-American Malcolm, who was a master, was most meticulous in his use of words. Nobody knew better than he the power words have over minds of men. Malcolm had stopped being a 'Negro' years ago. It had become too small, too puny, too weak a word for him. Malcolm was bigger than that. Malcolm had become an Afro-American and he wanted - so desperately - that we, that all his people, would become Afro-Americans too.
The Reverend Jesse L. Jackson, Founder and President of the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition, is one of America’s foremost civil rights, religious and political figures. Over the past forty years he has played a pivotal role in virtually every movement for empowerment, peace, civil rights, gender equality, and economic and social justice.
In the year 1886, there was a Divine Prophet born in the state of North Carolina. His name was Noble Drew Ali. If is sounds strange to speak of a prophet born in North Carolina, that maybe how it sounded in the days of Jesus, when some thought it strange that a prophet or anything good came out of Nazareth As prophets of olden days came to people around the world to save nations from the wrath of Allah, a Prophet of Islam was sent also to the Moors of America, who were called Negroes. The duty of a prophet is to save nations from the wrath of Allah. As Noah and Lot were warners to the people of those days, Prophet Noble Drew Ali came to warn and redeem the Moors of America from their sinful ways.
Prince Asiel Ben-Israel is one of the few African American leaders who has seized the power to define and control our destiny and direct our people toward the path of positive change. For 30 years he has served as International Ambassador Extraordinaire of the African Hebrew Israelites of Jerusalem.
The Black Panther Party was a progressive political organization that stood in the vanguard of the most powerful movement for social change in America since the Revolution of 1776 and the Civil War: that dynamic episode generally referred to as The Sixties. It is the sole black organization in the entire history of black struggle against slavery and oppression in the United States that was armed and promoted a revolutionary agenda, and it represents the last great thrust by the mass of black people for equality, justice and freedom.
Biography of Marcus Garvey
Surely the soul of liberal, philanthropic, liberty-loving, white America is not dead. It is true that the glamour of materialism, has, to a great degree, destroyed the innocence and purity of the national conscience, but, still, beyond our politics, beyond our soulless industrialism, there is a deep feeling of human sympathy that touches the soul of white America upon which the unfortunate and sorrowful can always depend for sympathy, help, and action. It is to that feeling that I appeal at this time for four hundred million Negroes of the world, and fifteen million of America in particular.
Kwame Toure (video)
Born Stokely Carmichael on June 29, 1941, in Trinidad, West Indies, he renamed himself in honor of Kwame Nkrumah, former president of Ghana, and Ahmed Sekou Toure, past president of Guinea.As a civil rights reformist, Kwame Toure went South to participate in the struggle to desegregate public transportation--bus trips known as freedom rides--where he learned first hand the terror of being locked up in Mississippi jails. In 1964, as a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) field organizer, he participated in a dangerous voter registration campaign that increased the numbers of black voters in rural Lowndes County, Alabama, from 70 to 2,600. Using the black panther as its party symbol, the Lowndes County Freedom Organization became active in local political elections.
Nat Turner (October 2, 1800 to November 11, 1831) was a slave who became a preacher and made history as the leader of one of the bloodiest slave revolts in America on August 21, 1831. Following the insurrection Turner hid for six weeks, but he was eventually caught and later hanged. The incident ended the emancipation movement in that region and led to even harsher laws against slaves. While Turner became an icon of the 1960s black power movement, others have criticized him for using violence as a means of demanding change. (Read more...)
Known as the “Moses of her people,” Harriet Tubman was enslaved, escaped, and helped others gain their freedom as a “conductor" of the Underground Railroad. Tubman also served as a scout, spy, guerrilla soldier, and nurse for the Union Army during the Civil War. She is considered the first African American woman to serve in the military. (Read more...)
Sojourner Truth (born Isabella Baumfree, c. 1797 to November 26, 1883) was an African-American abolitionist and women's rights activist best-known for her speech on racial inequalities, "Ain't I a Woman?", delivered extemporaneously in 1851 at the Ohio Women's Rights Convention. Truth was born into slavery but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in 1826. She devoted her life to the abolitionist cause and helped to recruit black troops for the Union Army. Although Truth began her career as an abolitionist, the reform causes she sponsored were broad and varied, including prison reform, property rights and universal suffrage. (Read more...)
One of the world’s most revered statesmen, Nelson Mandela led the struggle to replace South Africa’s apartheid regime with a non-racial democracy. His anti-apartheid activities led to his sentencing in 1962 to five years in prison, and in 1964 he was jailed for life because of his involvement in underground armed resistance activities. He served 27 years in prison.
Nelson Mandela became the first democratically elected State President of South Africa on 10 May 1994. Since stepping down in 1999, he has become South Africa’s highest profile ambassador, and has campaigned tirelessly in the fight against HIV/AIDS. He was also active in peace negotiations in African countries, including the Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.
The 44th President of the United States is the product of an unlikely union between a white teenager from Kansas and a foreign student from Kenya who met in a Russian class at the University of Hawaii.
As President Obama has said, the change we seek will take longer than one term or one presidency. Real change—big change—takes many years and requires each generation to embrace the obligations and opportunities that come with the title of Citizen. (Read more...)
As president, Kenyatta, known affectionately to Kenyans as mzee (Swahili for “old man”), strove to unify the new nation of Kenya. He worked to establish harmonious race relations, safeguarding whites’ property rights and appealing to both whites and the African majority to forget past injustices. Kenyatta adopted the slogan “Harambee” (Swahili for “let’s all pull together”), asking whites and Africans to work together for the development of Kenya. He promoted capitalist economic policies, encouraged foreign investment in Kenya, and adopted a pro-Western foreign policy.
The facts of his life are well known. Haile Selassie's influence on the world is his most enduring legacy. Born Tafari Makonnen in 1891, Haile Selassie came to be identified inextricably with Ethiopia. Only rarely in the modern world does the story of a man become so closely linked to the story of a nation. It is said that great events beget great men, but they beget failures as well, and the boundary between the two is often defined by singular acts of courage. These the Ethiopian Emperor did not lack. (Read more...)
Kwame Nkrumah became the first prime and later president of Ghana. He was born on September 21, 1909, at Nkroful in what was then the British-ruled Gold Coast, the son of a goldsmith. Trained as a teacher, he went to the United States in 1935 for advanced studies and continued his schooling in England, where he helped organize the Pan-African Congress in 1945. He returned to Ghana in 1947 and became general secretary of the newly founded United Gold Coast Convention but split from it in 1949 to form the Convention People's party (CPP). (read more)
Dr. Maulana Karenga is professor of Africana Studies at California State University, Long Beach. An activist-scholar of national and international recognition, Dr. Karenga has played a significant role in Black intellectual and political culture since the 60’s, especially in such educational and social movements as Black Studies, Black Power, Black Arts, Independent Schools, Afrocentricity, ancient Egyptian studies, Ifa ethical studies, the Million Person Marches, and reparations. Also, he is the creator of the pan-African cultural holiday Kwanzaa
CEO of African Development Plan, a non profit in Illinois.
The GOAL of African Development Plan is to create and implement a 50 year comprehensive development plan for Africa and her Diaspora communities worldwide.
is a CALL TO ACTION to all African People worldwide to begin to study our collective history, assess our communities needs and unite and think collectively on solutions to Africa and her Diaspora’s numerous challenges in communities worldwide.
Conrad Worrill (born August 15, 1941) is an African American writer, educator, activist, and former talk show host for the WVON call-in program On Target. Organizations he has been involved with include the Million Man March, and the National Black United Front. Worrills activism has centered on the need for greater independence in African American life, and helping young people better understand the relationships between power and institutions. (Read more...)
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He was a founding member and priest of the Temple of African Community of Chicago and founding member and director of the Kemetic (Egyptian) Institute, which sponsors the annual Teaching About Africa program for teachers and school administrators.
Baba Hannibal Tirus Afrik, a.k.a. Harold E. Charles, M.Ed. was a retired Chicago, Illinois science teacher(biology) of 30 years(Farragut High School), and a dedicated African centered leader in independent Black institution building. He joined the ancestors July 27, 2011 at age 77.
In 1968, he led the Black Teachers Association in a successful community control movement using the Farragut Black Manifesto as a model, and in February 1972, he co-founded the Shule YA Watoto(school for children) as an independent community institution in Chicago which succeeded for 31 years through self-reliance. Among his many leadership positions for 50 years, he engaged the: Council of Independent Black Institution(CIBI); Afrikan National Rites of Passage United Kollective(ANROPUK); National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America(N'COBRA); Republic of New Africa; and since 1995, the Malcolm X College annual Kwanzaa celebration. (Read more...)
Born as Donald Lee on February 23, 1942, Dr. Haki R. Madhubuti grew up in poverty in Detroit and Chicago before becoming a respected professor and educator who has founded several African-centered schools in Chicago. His Third World Press, which started in a Chicago apartment in 1967, is the country's oldest continuously operating black-owned independent publishing house. As a poet and author, he has published more than 31 books (Read more...)
Educator Booker Taliaferro Washington was one of the foremost African-American leaders of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, founding the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, now known as Tuskegee University.
Born into slavery in Virginia in the mid-to-late 1850s, Booker T. Washington put himself through school and became a teacher after the Civil War. In 1881, he founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama (now known as Tuskegee University), which grew immensely and focused on training African Americans in agricultural pursuits. A political adviser and writer, Washington clashed with intellectual W.E.B. Du Bois over the best avenues for racial uplift. (read more...)
William Edward Burghardt Du Bois was one of the most important African-American activists during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the NAACP and supported Pan-Africanism.
Scholar and activist W.E.B. Du Bois was born on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. In 1895, he became the first African American to earn a Ph.D. from Harvard University. Du Bois wrote extensively and was the best known spokesperson for African-American rights during the first half of the 20th century. He co-founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1909. Du Bois died in Ghana in 1963. (read more...)
Frederick Douglass, a former slave and eminent human rights leader in the abolition movement, was the first black citizen to hold a high U.S. government rank.
Abolitionist leader Frederick Douglass was born into slavery in Talbot County, Maryland. He became one of the most famous intellectuals of his time, advising presidents and lecturing to thousands on a range of causes, including women’s rights and Irish home rule. Among Douglass’ writings are several autobiographies eloquently describing his experiences in slavery and his life after the Civil War. (read more...)
A beloved international figure, Paul Robeson regularly spoke out against racial injustice and was involved in world politics. He supported Pan-Africanism, sang for Loyalist soldiers during Spain's civil war, took part in anti-Nazi demonstrations and performed for Allied forces during WWII. He also visited the Soviet Union several times during the mid-1930s, taken by much of its culture and ideas.